Overview of Vanguard fees and charges
It's safe to say that Vanguard's fees are low in general. They either don't charge a brokerage fee for things other brokers do charge for, or they only charge a small amount. This means that you can use Vanguard even in case you trade frequently like multiple times a week or daily.
Here's a high level overview of Vanguard's fees
|Assets||Fee level||Fee terms|
|US stock fee||Average||Asset invested under $50k: $7 for first 25 trades per year, $20 thereafter|
|EURUSD fee||-||Not available|
|US tech fund fee||High||$20 per trade if investment is less than $500k, but Vanguard funds and 3000 other funds are free|
|Inactivity fee||Low||No inactivity fee|
Vanguard fees explained
Online brokerages in general charge much lower brokerage fees than traditional brokerages do - this is largely due to the fact that online brokerages' businesses can be much better scaled: From a purely technical standpoint it doesn't make that much of a difference for them if they have 100 or 5000 clients.
This is not to say however that they don't have any fees at all. They make money by charging you at various events for various rates. Usually you need to keep an eye on these 3 types of fees:
- Trading fees - these are brokerage fees that you pay when you actually do a trade, i.e. buying an Apple stock or an ETF. What you pay is either a commission, a spread or financing rate. Some brokers apply all of these.
- A commission is either based on the traded volume or it is fixed.
- A spread is the difference between the buy price and the sell price
- Financing rate or overnight rate is charged when you hold your leveraged positions for more than one day.
- Non-trading fees. These occur related to some operations you make in your account, i.e. depositing money to your account, withdrawing money from it or not trading for an extended amount of time.
We compare Vanguard fees with its closest competitors, Fidelity and Firstrade.
Vanguard trading fees
Vanguard's trading fees are mid-tier which means you need to pay special attention to asset classes with high trading fees.
Let's break down the trading fees into the different asset classes available at Vanguard.
Vanguard's trading fees are low.
Stock fees and ETF fees
Vanguard has average stock trading fees.
Vanguard fund fees are high.
|EU mutual fund||-||-||-|
Vanguard has low bond fees.
|US Treasury bond||$0.0||$0.0||$40.0|
|EU government bond||-||-||-|
Vanguard's options fees are high.
|US stock index options||$17.0||$6.5||$0.0|
|UK stock index options||-||-||-|
|German stock index options||-||-||-|
Vanguard financing rates are .
If you want to trade on margin and prefer to hold your positions long, financing costs can be significant.
|Apple CFD financing rate||-||-||-|
|Vodafone CFD financing rate||-||-||-|
|EURUSD financing rate||-||-||-|
|EURGBP financing rate||-||-||-|
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Vanguard non-trading fees
When it comes to looking at all the non-trading fees Vanguard is a cheap broker. This means that they don't charge you a lot for non-trading related activities on your trading account, like withdrawal fee.
Non-trading fees include various brokerage fees and charges at Vanguard that you pay not related to buying and selling assets. Among some others, typical non trading fees are withdrawal fee, deposit fee, inactivity fee and account fee.
Vanguard deposit fee
Deposit fees are applied when you send money to your trading account from your bank account. Usually brokers don't charge money for that and Vanguard is not different: you will see the exact same amount on your brokerage account that you sent by any of the deposit methods Vanguard offers.
Vanguard withdrawal fee
Unlike the majority of the online brokers we have reviewed Vanguard does not charge a withdrawal fee. This means that you'll see the same amount of money on your bank account that you transferred from your brokerage account.
|Withdrawal fee with bank transfer||$0||$0||$0|
Vanguard inactivity fee
Vanguard does not apply an inactivity fee which is great because your account will not be charged even if you do not trade for a longer time period (months or years).